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The Sunnah of Eid

Posted on: 14 December 2013

In the name of Allah, The most Beneficent, the most Merciful

عيد مبارك

THE SUNNAH OF EID:

 

Keeping with the tradition of Prophet Muhammad (saw), Muslims are encourage to prepare themselves for the occasion of Eid. Below is a list of things Muslims should do in preparation for Eid:

 

  1. Wake up early.
  2. Offer Salat al-Fajr.
  3. Prepare for personal cleanliness take care of details of clothing, etc.
  4. Take a Ghusl (bath) after Fajr.
  5. Brush your teeth.
  6. On Eid day the best clean clothes should be worn according to ones capacity. It has been narrated that Hazrat Ibn Umar (Radhiyallahu-Anhu) used to do that along with other companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam). (Fathul-Baree)
  7. Use perfume (men only).
  8. To consume dates or something sweet before leaving for Eid Salaah to show that we are not fasting. It has been mentioned that the Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) used not to leave for the Eid Salaah except after consuming some dates. (Bukhari)
  9. Pay Zakat al-Fitr before Salat al-Eid (on Eid al-Fitr).
  10. Go to the prayer ground early.
  11. Offer Salat al-Eid in congregation in an open place except when weather and environment is not permitting like rain, snow, etc.
  12. Use two separate routes to and from the prayer ground. Hazrat Jabir (Radhiyallahu-Anhu) has reported that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) used to come back from the Eid Salaah on a path other than the one used going to it. (Bukhari)
  13. Recite the following Takbir-e-Tashriq softly on the way to and from the Eid Salaat.

(On Eid-al-Adha, Takbir starts from Maghrib on the 9th Dhul-Hijah and lasts until Asr on the 12th Dhul-Hijah)

 Allahu-Akbar, Allahu-Akbar. La ilaha illa-lahu. w-Allahu-Akbar, Allahu-Akbar. Wa-lilahi al-hamd

(Allah is the greatest. Allah is the greatest. There is no god but Allah. Allah is the greatest. Allah is the greatest. And all praises are for Allah)

 

Salat al-Eid Before Khutbah

Ibn Abbass (ra) reported: “I participated in the Salat Eid al-Fitr with the Messenger of Allah (saw), Abu Bakr (ra), Umar (ra) and Uthman (ra), and all of them held Salat al-Eid before Khutbah, and then the Prophet Muhammad (saw) delivered the Khutbah (sermon)”. Hadith reported by Muslim.

 

How to Perform Eid Prayers (Hanafi School)

 

Salat al-Eid is wajib (strongly recommended, just short of obligatory). The Eid prayer has two raka'at performed in the normal way, with only the addition of six Takbirs (Allahu Akbar), three of them in the beginning of the first raka'ah, and three of them just before ruku' in the second raka'ah. It must be offered in congregation.

The detailed way of performing the Eid prayer is as follows:

 

The Imam will begin the prayer without Adhan or iqamah. He will begin the prayer by reciting Takbir of Tahrimah (Allahu Akbar). You should raise your hands up to the ears, and after reciting the Takbir, you should set your hands on your navel. The Imam will give a little pause during which you should recite Thana' (Subhanakallahumma .:.). After the completion of Thana', the Imam will recite Takbir (Allahu Akbar) three times. At the first two calls of Takbir you should raise your hands up to the ears, and after reciting Takbir (Allahu Akbar) in a low voice, should bring your hands down and leave them earthwards. But, after the third Takbir, you should set them on your navel as you do in the normal prayers.

After these three Takbirs, the Imam will recite the Holy Qur'an, which you should listen calmly and quietly. The rest of the raka'ah will be performed in the normal way.

After rising for the second raka'ah, the Imam will begin the recitations from the Holy Qur'an during which you should remain calm and quiet. When the Imam finishes his recitation, he will recite three Takbirs once again, but this time it will be just before bowing down for ruku'. At each Takbir you should raise your hands up to the ears, and after saying 'Allahu Akbar', bring them down and leave them earthwards. After these three takbirs have been called and completed, the Imam will say another takbir for bowing down into the ruku' position. At this takbir you need not raise your hands. You just bow down for your ruku' saying, 'Allahu Akbar'. The rest of the salah will be performed in its usual way.

Khutbah: The Address of Eidul-Adha

 

In this salah of Eid, Khutbah is a sunnah and is delivered after the salah, unlike the salah of Jumu'ah where it is fard and is delivered before the salah. However, listening to the khutbah of Eid salah is wajib or necessary and must be listened to in perfect peace and silence.

It is a sunnah that the Imam begins the first Khutbah by reciting takbir (Allahu Akbar) nine times and the second Khutbah with reciting it seven times.

 

During the Khutbah, the Imam must remind the community about its responsibilities and obligations towards Allah, fellow Muslims and the fellow human beings. The Imam must encourage the Muslims to do good and ward off evil. The Muslim community must also be directed to the state of the community and the Ummah at large and the feelings of sacrifice and struggle for Allah should be aroused in the community.

 

Note:

The way of Eid prayer described above is according to the Hanafi school of Muslim jurists. Some other jurists, like Imam Shafi'i, have some other ways to perform it. They recite Takbir twelve times before beginning the recitations of the Holy Qur'an in both the raka'at. This way is also permissible. If the Imam, being of the Shafi'i school, follows this way, you can also follow him. Both ways are based on the practice of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam.


At the conclusion of the Salaat the Muslims should convey greetings to each other, give reasonable gifts to the youngsters and visit each other at their homes. Muslims can also take this opportunity to give dawah, invite their non-Muslims neighbours, co-workers, classmates and business acquaintances to Eid festivities to expose them to Islam and Muslim culture.

 

 

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The Sunnah of Eid
Prayer Timetable
Salah
Begins
Jama’ah
Fajr5:317:00
Zuhr11:561:00
Asr2:153:00
Magrib4:094:09
Isha5:247:30
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