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Newborn Baby - Islamic Rites other requirements

Posted on: 01 January 2014

Newborn Baby

Islamic Rites & other requirements

 

All praise is to Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful. Blessings and peace be on the Messenger of Allah (SAW), his household and companions (RA).

 

Contents

Saying the Adhaan (Call to prayer).

Tahneek (Softening and placing of something sweet in childs mouth).

Wisdom behind Tahneek.

Aqeeqah & Shaving the head.

Shaving the head - Reasoning.

Applying saffron after the head is shaved.

Aqeeqah - Reasoning.

When should the Aqeeqah be performed.

Which animals can be sacrificed?.

Whose responsibility is the Aqeeqah?.

Misconceptions around Aqeeqah.

General Advice regarding Aqeeqah.

Tasmiyah (Naming the child).

Naming a child - General Advice.

Khitan - Circumcision.

When should the circumcision be performed?.

Circumcision Centres in Luton:

Other Requirements.

Birth Registration.

Checklist.

Sources:

 

Saying the Adhaan (Call to prayer)

 

Abu Raf’i (RA) relates that, “I saw the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) saying the adhaan of salah in the ear of his grandson, Hasan (RA), when the child was born to his daughter Fatimah (RA).” (Musnad Ahmad)

 

The previous hadith only illustrates the virtues of reciting the adhaan in the baby's ears. Details in alternative ahadith, albeit weaker ones, establish the adhaan should be called in the right ear and iqamah in the left. This is the masnoon method.

 

“Husain (RA) says that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: For whoever is born, give adhaan in the right ear and iqamah in the left ear so the sickness of Um Sibyaan will not affect him”(Musnad Abi Ya’la, #6634)

 

Therefore, we can say the act of calling the adhaan in the ear of the newborn baby is sunnah and it is mustahab (desirable) to call the adhaan in the right ear and iqamah in the left.(Fatawa Mahmudiyyah, 5/456, Faruqiyya) (Ahsanul-Fatawa, 2/276, HM Saeed)

 

It is also stated in Sharhus Sunnah that Umar bin Abdul Aziz (RA) gave adhaan in the right ear and iqamah in the left ear of a child when it was born” (Mirqatul-Mafatih, 7/75, Rashidiyya)

 

And Allah knows best

 

Tahneek (Softening and placing of something sweet in childs mouth)


When a child was born to one of the families of the Sahaba, the Companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), they would take it to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) so that he would bless it, and apply the pulp of a date, chewed by him, to its palate. This ‘tahneek’ as it is known in Arabic, was to keep the child safe from evil and for blessing. Therefore, similarly when a child is born into a Muslim family, it should be taken to a virtuous, pious person, so that this person may supplicate for the child and perform the tahneek. Tahneek is among those Sunan whose practice has become rare.


Aisha (RA) narrates that, “the people used to bring their newborn children to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and he would bless them and perform the tahneek.” Sahih Muslim: 1:560

 

Hadhrat Abu Musa Ash'ari (RA) relates, "Following the birth of my child, I brought it in the presence of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). He named him Ibrahim, performed Tahneek with a chewed morsel and prayed for his welfare and prosperity."

 

Hadhrat Asma bint Yazeed (RA) after migrating to Madinah gave birth to Abdullah Ibn Zubair (RA) at the site of Qubah. She reports, "I arrived before the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) with my offspring and placed him in Rasullullah's (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) blessed lap. The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) sought a date and after chewing on it placed it in my baby's mouth." Thus the first morsel to enter his mouth was the Holy Prophet's (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) blessed saliva. He then applied the chewed date to his palate and prayed for him and blessed him. The supplication offered by the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is as follows:

 

'Oh Allah, grant him rectitude and taqwah and promote him in Islam' (Sharah Shariatul Islam)

 

Ibn Hajr said, "if one is not able to find a dry date, then a fresh date should be used, and if that is not available then anything sweet." (Fath 9/588)

 

Wisdom behind Tahneek

 

Benefits from a modern scientific & medical health aspect: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-24224206

 

Aqeeqah & Shaving the head

 

The Aqeeqah ceremony essentially consists of two acts: the shaving of the hair from the head of the newborn baby and the sacrifice of an animal (these were also characteristic features of Millat-e-Ibrahim - the religion of Prophet Ibrahim (AS).

 

An animal is sacrificed as a mark of gratitude and celebration and distributed amongst friends, family, the poor and a portion is kept for one’s own consumption.

 

Shaving the head - Reasoning

 

The hair on the child’s head is shaven and its weight in silver is given as charity.

 

Ali (RA) reported that the Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) of Allah (SWT) slaughtered a goat on the occasion of Hasan’s birth, the son of Fatimah (RA) and Ali (RA) and said, “Oh Fatimah! Shave the head of Hasan and pay silver equal to the weight of the hair as charity.” Sahih Sunan at-Tirmithee 2:1226

 

Hadhrat Imam Mohammad Baqir (R.A.) narrates, "Hadhrat Fatima (R.A.) gave the amount equivalent to her daughter Zainab's (RA), Umme Kuithum's (RA), and her sons Hasan's (RA) and Hussain's (RA) hair to charity."(Mu'atta Imam Muhammad pg 286)

 

Applying saffron after the head is shaved

 

In the days of ignorance it was a ritual habit to apply the blood of the sacrifice on the child's head. The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) advised us to refrain from this. Hadhrat Aishah (RA) relates, 'Apply Khalooq to the child's head rather than blood'.

 

Khalooq is the name of a fragrance, made from a concoction of saffron and other ingredients. To falsely believe blood prevents illness is wrong, and to act according to this superstition is a sin.

 

Aqeeqah - Reasoning

 

It is reported by Abdullah bin Amr bin al-As that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “To whomsoever a child is born, and he wants to perform a sacrifice of Aqeeqah on behalf of it, he should sacrifice two goats for a boy and one for a girl.” Sunan Abu Dawood 2:2836

 

It is reported by Buraydah (RA), “During the Age of ignorance, when a child was born to anyone of us, we used to slaughter a goat and smear the head of the child with its blood. Later, after the dawn of Islam, our practice became (on the advice of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)) that we sacrifice a goat of Aqeeqah on the seventh day after the birth of a child, shave the head of the infant, and apply saffron on it.” Sunan Abu Dawood 2:2137

 

The above information portrays aqeeqah to be a shar'i practice which was also practiced by the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). This clarifies that the act is a masnoon and desirable practice. Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (R.A.) declares it to be incumbent. (According to one narration).

 

When should the Aqeeqah be performed

 

"Every child is in pledge for it's Aqî qah which is sacrificed for it on its seventh day, and it is named on it, and its head is shaved" (Abu Dawûd)

 

It can be concluded from the saying of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) that the correct timing for aqeeqah is on the seventh day. It is sunnah and virtuous to perform it on this day, however, if due to inconvenience this is not possible it should not be delayed unnecessarily. The sooner it is accomplished the better. If one wishes to perform aqeeqah on the 7th, a simple method is to perform it a day before the day the child was born, i.e., if a child is born on Friday, perform the aqeeqah on Thursday. If he was born on Thursday aqeeqah would be on Wednesday. By following this general rule the calculation would be correct.

 

Which animals can be sacrificed?

 

The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) has stated,"Aqeeqah can be performed with camels, cows or sheep." (Nailul Awtaar and Awnul Ma'bood part 3 pg 65)

 

Whose responsibility is the Aqeeqah?

 

The person responsible for the child's maintenance is also responsible for the child's aqeeqah. If the father is not capable then the responsibility will be on the mother, and if neither is capable then it no longer remains incumbent. There is no necessity to take a loan in order to fulfil this responsibility.

 

Misconceptions around Aqeeqah

 

A few innovations have been conjured regarding the principles of aqeeqah. These are all baseless and hold no relevance to shariah. A few are listed below:

 

I.  It is commonly believed that the parents, maternal and paternal grandparents cannot consume the aqeeqah meat. This is a false innovation.

 

2.  People believe it is sinful to injure the animal's bones. This has no relevance to shariah.

 

3.  Many people insist it is compulsory to perform aqeeqah and the shaving of the child's hair simultaneously Needless to say, this is also fabrication; the order of both actions does not matter.

 

4.   It has become a tradition to present the sacrificed animal's head, feet and hair to the barber and midwife, which is an act that holds no connection with shariah.

 

5.   It has also incorrectly become a tradition to customarily bury the above mentioned parts of the animal. They also incorrectly believe that to consume the bones is a bad omen.

 

6.   Many have fallen under the false impression that to donate one third to charity is compulsory, (it is simply desirable).

 

7.   It is not compulsory to distribute the meat raw as is incorrectly believed by some.

 

8.   Lastly, contrary to popular belief, aqeeqah is not compulsory and to offer sacrifice on behalf of a deceased child is also unimportant.

 

General Advice regarding Aqeeqah

 

As with other sacrifices only a legitimate animal, healthy, of a sufficient age and quality should be used. The animal(s) should be sacrificed specifically for this purpose and equivalent meat cannot be purchased and distributed in lieu of this.

Tasmiyah (Naming the child)


It is from the teachings of the Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) of Allah (SWT), that each member of the family be given a good name. Those who ask Allah (SWT) to give them children, should also ask Allah (SWT) to make these children among the followers of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and adherents to his Sunnah.

It is an obligation upon parents that their child be given a good name. Some Ahadeeth indicate that the child is to be named on the seventh day, along with the Aqeeqah. However, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) also named children on the day of their birth, as proven by other narrations. There is no harm if the child is named before the seventh day, but if the naming has not been done, then the child should be named on the seventh day.

Naming a child with a beautiful and honourable name is very important. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) always chose names with good and beautiful meanings, even telling people to change their names if they had unpleasant meanings:

 

 "On the Day of Resurrection, you will be called by your names and your fathers names, so make your names good." (Abu Dawûd)

 

Narrated Abu Musa (RA), “a son was born to me and I took him to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) who named him Ibrahim, did tahneek for him with a date, invoked Allah’s (SWT) blessing upon him and returned him to me.” Sahih Bukhari 7:376

 

Ibn Umar (RA) reported that Allah’s (SWT) Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “the names dearest to Allah are Abdullah and Abdur-Rahman.” Sahih Muslim 3:5315

 

Abu Wahb al-Jushamee (RA) who was the Companion of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) reported him as saying, “call yourselves by the names of the Prophets. The name dearest to Allah (SWT) are Abdullah and Abdur Rahman, the truest are Harith (ploughman) and Hammam (energetic) and the worst are Harb (war) and Murrah (bitter).” Sunan Abu Dawood 3:4140

 

Narrated Abu Hurayrah (RA), “Allah’s (SWT) Apostle (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “the most awful name in Allah’s (SWT) sight on the Day of Resurrection will be that of a man calling himself Malik Al-Amlaak. (king of king’s).” Sahih Bukhari 8:224

 

Ibn Umar (RA) reported that Allah’s (SWT) Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) changed the name of Aasiyah* (disobedient) and said: “You are Jameelah (good and beautiful).” Sahih Muslim 3:5332 & 4747

*[Not to be confused with Asiya, the name of the Muslim wife of Pharaoh.]

 

Usamah Ibn Akhdari (RA) said, a man called Asram (harsh, severe, cut off) was among those who came to the Apostle (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) of Allah (SWT). The Apostle (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallams) of Allah (SWT) said, “What is your name?” He replied, “Asram.” He (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “no, you are Zur’ah”. (which has been taken or derived from crop, or to sow seed). Sunan Abu Dawood 3:4144

Naming a child - General Advice

 

When choosing a name some parents source names from the Internet or under the misapprehension and erroneous belief that there ‘can be nothing wrong in the Quran or the arabic language’ choose a random word they like and name their child sometimes with unfortunate and even comical effects. As an example one set of parents had inadvertently even named their child, Himaroon, which means donkey.

 

Either choose a name from a reliable book or source of Islamic names and if in any doubt or even just to make certain refer to and verify with a scholar who is proficient in the Arabic language.


Khitan - Circumcision

 

Narrated Abu Hurayrah (RA), I heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) saying, “Five practices are characteristic of the Fitrah: circumcision, shaving the pubic hair, cutting the moustache short, clipping the nails and depleting the hair of the armpits.” Sahih Bukhari 7:779

 

Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an, “Then We have inspired you (O Muhammad) Follow the religion of Ibrahim, the true in faith and he was not from the polytheists.” Surah An-Nahl 16:123

 

In this verse, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and his Ummah are commanded to follow the religion of Ibrahim (AS), therefore it is known that circumcision is from the religion of Ibrahim (AS). Imam Bukhari and lmam Muslim have narrated that.

 

It is narrated in the renowned fiqh kitab Shaami; "The conclusion is, circumcision is a Sunnah and a distinctive symbol of Islam. It cannot be overlooked without valid reason." (Durrul Mukhtar part 5 pg 734)

 

One should momentarily consider the significance of circumcision. The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said , "Whosoever enters the fold of Islam should shave the hair of infidelity and perform circumcision." (Abu Dawood)

 

When should the circumcision be performed?

 

A child is normally circumcised on the seventh day after birth. The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) circumcised his children at this age. Reports from experiments agree that if circumcised at this stage the child is relieved from excess pain and is also much more convenient for family members.

 

However, if due to inconvenience this is not possible, it is acceptable to perform it a few days earlier or later than schedule, although the masnoon and desirable date is specifically the seventh.

 

Allamah Ayni comments after relating a practice of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), "It is preferable to circumcise on the seventh day proceeding birth, complying with the Holy Prophet's (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) performance with Hadhrat Hasan and Hussain (R.A); they were both circumcised on the seventh day." (Umdatul Qaari part 10 pg 514)

 

Circumcision Centres in Luton:

 

Ali-Khan Circumcision Centre

Tel: 01582 483344

 21 Westbourne Rd

Luton

LU4 8JD

Thornhill Clinic Circumcision Centre

TeL: 01582 561999

1 Thornhill Rd

Luton, Beds

LU4 8EY

www.circumcisioncentre.co.uk

 

Other Requirements

 

Birth Registration

 

All births in England, Wales and Northern Ireland must be registered within 42 days of the child being born. You should do this at the local register office for the area where the baby was born.

 

Luton Borough Council - Register Office

6 George Street West

Luton

Bedfordshire

LU1 2BJ

Tel: 0300 790 0341

 


Checklist

 

Immediately:

   Adhaan (Reciting the call to prayer in the ears of the newborn child)                                      

 

ASAP:

    Tahneek (Feeding softened date or something sweet to the child)                                         

 

7th Day:

    Aqeeqah (Sacrifice 2 animals for a boy and one for a girl)                                                              

•    Shaving the head & giving in charity equal in value to the weight of the hair in silver        

    Tasmiyah (Naming the child) – Dont forget to register name within 42 days                         

    Khitan (Circumcision)                                                                                                                                    

 

Sources:

 

http://www.inter-islam.org/Lifestyle/CHILDBORN.html

 

http://www.muslimdirectory.co.uk/is_newborn.php

 

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